عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Family Protection Act, based on Islamic Law, was adopted in 2012. It states that taking part in the arbitration sessions before granting divorce is compulsory for the purpose of the conciliation and settlement between them and protecting the family that is on the verge of separation. The question is: What is the relational in the religion and the law behind this compulsory session? Can it be defined as a real arbitration? Analyzing features of arbitration, especially the role of those who act as arbitrators, the above-mentioned tact is in the form and shape of arbitration with the essence of mediation. The assigned or appointed persons by the spouses or family courts must just attempt to settle the dispute by conciliating between them. By the mediation, the spouses can agree to settle their dispute through the conciliation. Thus, arbitrators consider the Family Protection Act, and just present their consultancy opinions to the family court without proceeding in accordance with the law and legal rules to the merit of the divorce and without making an enforceable award.