مراجع رقابتی و تعدیل ادغامهای پیشنهادی (با تأکید بر مسائل حوزه مالکیتهای فکری)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه حقوق تجارت بین‌الملل و حقوق مالکیت فکری دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

ادغام میان بنگاه‏ها همواره مورد حساسیت مراجع رقابتی بوده است که کوشیده‌اند به طرق مختلف مانع از بروز رویه‌های مخل رقابت به‌واسطه آن‌ها شوند. یکی از کارآمدترین شیوه‌ها در این زمینه، ترسیم سازوکاری برای ارزیابی ادغام‌های پیشنهادی پیش از نهایی شدن آن‌ها و نیل به یک نقطه توازن در تأیید مشروعیت ادغام‌ها از طریق کاربست ضمانت اجراهای ساختاری و رفتاری است. در گستره مالکیت‌های فکری نیز تدابیر یادشده در پرتو ملاحظات خاص این حوزه، به مدد مراجع رقابتی می‌آیند تا ضمن تعدیل ادغام‌ها در دوره انتظار، مجال بهره‌گیری از ظرفیت‌های ادغام در بهبود جریان نوآوری و توسعه تکنولوژیک فراهم شود. نوشتار حاضر می‌کوشد تا با واکاوی راهکارهای مطروحه در حقوق آمریکا و اتحادیه اروپا، به بررسی اقسام ضمانت اجراهایی بپردازد که مسیر اعتباربخشی به ادغام‌ها را هموار ساخته کارایی، چالش‌ها و تحولات آن‌ها را در بستر خاص مالکیت‌های فکری تبیین می‏نماید. همچنین این پژوهش درصدد ارائه تفسیری از موازین قانونی موجود در حقوق ایران است تا فرایند تأیید مشروط رقابتی ادغام‌ها را توجیه و نظام‌مند کند. باوجوداین، حاصل مطالعه تطبیقی به‌روشنی گویای کاستی‌های عمیق و عدم توجه به بایسته‌های مالکیت‌های فکری در قواعد مربوط به اعتباربخشی رقابتی به ادغام‌ها در حقوق ایران است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Competition Authorities and the Modification of Proposed Mergers (With Emphasis on Issues of Intellectual Property Domain)

نویسنده [English]

  • Ebrahim Rahbari
Assistant Professor of International Trade Law & Intellectual Property Law Department, The Faculty of Law at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran. IRAN
چکیده [English]

Mergers have always raised competition concerns and competition authorities have tried to prevent anticompetitive practices made through them. One of the most efficient methods is designing a framework to primary evaluation of proposed mergers and striking a balance through the validation of mergers by employing structural and conduct remedies. In IP domain, the mentioned measures in the light of particular matters of such field, come to assist competition authorities in order to modify the mergers in waiting period and provide a proper chance in utilizing the potentials of the mergers in promoting innovation and technology development. By analyzing the solutions proposed by US and EU law, this research aims to examine different types of remedies relevant to proposed mergers and clarify their efficiency, challenges and developments in IP field. This article also tries to regulate and justify the process of validation the proposed mergers subject to some conditions by making an interpretation on existing legal rules contained in Iranian laws.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Merger
  • Competition law
  • Intellectual property law
  • Competition remedies
  • Divestiture

غفاری فارسانی، بهنام، حقوق رقابت و ضمانت اجراهای مدنی آن، چ 1، (تهران: انتشارات میزان، 1393).

 

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